Fitting It All In: How to Schedule a Balanced Literacy Block for First Grade

**Looking for Kindergarten literacy block schedules? Click HEREOr for 2nd grade literacy block schedules, click HERE.**

Last month I wrote a post called “How to Schedule a Balanced Literacy Block for Kindergarten.”  It turned out to be pretty popular, so I decided to write a similar post for first grade! In this post, I’ll take you through the components of a balanced literacy block for first grade. I’ll also provide some sample schedules and share general scheduling tips.

Before I get started, I do want to say that there’s no one “correct” way to set up your balanced literacy block. The best schedule is the one that meets the needs of you and your students. Also, I love hearing other teachers’ creative scheduling ideas, so please do comment at the end of the article!

This post outlines (in detail!) the components you NEED for your literacy block, and how to make it all fit into your schedule! - Learning At The Primary Pond

Components of a Balanced Literacy Block for First Grade

While literacy can and should be a part of every component of your day (even math!), here are the building blocks that I used to schedule my first grade literacy instruction:

Readaloud (10-15 minutes):  If at all possible, I actually do a readaloud twice a day. During one readaloud, we read for enjoyment and understanding. At a different time of the day, we read a book to focus on comprehension strategies and vocabulary. If you can do two readalouds a day, you might want to focus on comprehension and vocabulary during a literacy block readaloud. Then, you could do another readaloud for enjoyment after lunch or recess. You don’t necessarily need 2 brand new books for each day, however. For example, you could read aloud a book for enjoyment on Monday after lunch. Then, you dive into that same book more deeply on Tuesday during your literacy block. This is how I have my Reading Comprehension Units for K-1 set up. When you teach one of the comprehension minilessons, you often use a book that you’ve previously read aloud to students. This is because I’ve found that kids can better focus on practicing comprehension strategies when they’ve already listened to the book. If you don’t have time for two readalouds in a day, you might focus on comprehension Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, and read for enjoyment on Tuesday and Thursday.

Shared Reading (15-20 minutes): This is when I read aloud (and have students help me read) a big book, poetry on chart paper, or a story from the basal reading series. If students do not all have copies of the text, they sit on the rug so that they can easily see the print. We typically read only 2 stories per week during shared reading. This is because we read each text multiple times (first time for comprehension and enjoyment, and additional times for teaching points like “Look for a chunk of the word that you know”). Shared reading can be used to teach decoding, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension strategies.

Guided Reading and Centers (45 minutes):  During this block of time, I meet with students for guided reading while the other students work independently. In guided reading, I provide students with scaffolding so that they can read texts at their instructional level (slightly harder than what they could read independently). The students who are not meeting with me work in literacy centers.

Reading Workshop Minilesson (10 minutes): I teach a decoding, fluency, or comprehension skill (just one per lesson) that students can practice as they read independently. This is a very brief, focused lesson.

Independent Reading (25 minutes +5 for sharing time): Students read independently (not silently, but whisper reading). You can also incorporate independent reading time into your literacy centers, but I’ve found that kids are more focused when the classroom is quiet and everyone is focused on independent reading at the same time. I confer with kids individually while everyone is reading. After independent reading time, we come back together as a group so the kids can share about their reading and strategy use with a partner or the class.

Writing Workshop Minilesson (10-15 minutes): I teach a brief, focused lesson on a writing skill that students can use in their own writing. I structure my writing units by genre, so whatever skill I’m teaching is related to that genre. I model real writing during almost every one of these minilessons.

Independent Writing (25 minutes + 5 for sharing time): Students write independently, and I confer with kids individually. After independent writing time, we come back together as a group so students can share their writing with a partner or the class.

Phonics / Word Work (15-20 minutes):  I teach Words Their Way in small groups. I typically meet with 1-2 groups per day to introduce a phonics/spelling pattern. At the same time, other students are working independently with their assigned words. It takes some time to set up, but differentiating word study has been super effective with my kids in the past.

Phonemic Awareness (5 minutes spread out throughout the day):  This is when we do quick, oral activities to increase students’ awareness of the sounds in words. Phonemic awareness activities can include rhyming practice, segmenting words into their individual sounds (cat -> /c/ /a/ /t/), blending individual sounds to make words, substituting sounds, clapping syllables, etc. I don’t usually write phonemic awareness into my daily schedule because we do these activities during transition times.

Sample Schedules for a First Grade Classroom

So what does this look like in a first grade classroom? Below are some schedules that I and/or my colleagues have used in the past. I included some variation in the amount of time you spend on each activity, the number of specials classes you have, and length of the school day.

This is one example of a first grade schedule with a balanced literacy block! Read the full post for other sample schedules and ideas. This is one example of a first grade schedule with a balanced literacy block! Read the full post for other sample schedules and ideas.

This is one example of a first grade schedule with a balanced literacy block! Read the full post for other sample schedules and ideas.This is one example of a first grade schedule with a balanced literacy block! Read the full post for other sample schedules and ideas.

Even though I generally followed one of these schedules, our day in first grade didn’t always look like this throughout the entire year. I love to teach integrated thematic units that engage kids in learning content area material through literacy activities (i.e. reading about and writing about animal habitats). At the beginning of the year, it’s great to establish a routine that provides kids with consistency. But as the year goes on, I think it’s completely fine (and sometimes necessary) to deviate from that schedule. Literacy learning doesn’t always fit nicely and neatly into a box!

General Scheduling Tips

Ideally, you could choose one of the above schedules, adapt it slightly, and go with it. However, I know from experience that it’s not always that easy! If you can’t use any of these schedules and have to write one from scratch, here are some general tips that I keep in mind when doing my scheduling:

  • When you write your schedule at the beginning of the year, make two schedules: one for now and one for later. When our first graders come to us at the beginning of the year, they are still babies! I try to keep “sitting and listening activities” brief, and I divide silent reading time up into two 5-10 minute chunks. I make sure to create a beginning-of-the-year schedule that reflects their developmental needs, but I also create an end-of-the-year schedule, too. Keeping that end-of-the-year schedule handy helps me gradually transition my students to where I need them to be.
  • Plan to teach the most important skills right at the beginning of the day. Students are most focused at this time and are more likely to retain what you teach.
  • Alternate activities that involve sitting quietly/listening with activities that involve movement. For example, you might teach a minilesson, have students work in centers, and then read a story aloud. If you must have two “sitting and listening” activities back-to-back, make sure to include a movement break in between them.
  • Prioritize student practice time. When I have limited time, I tend to want to fill it with teaching, to squeeze in every possible lesson I can. But what kids really need is time to practice with your support. I try to distill my lessons so that they are short and to-the-point, and then give students as much time to practice as possible.
  • Begin and end the day as a group. It builds community for students to come together for morning meeting or an end of the day routine. These are definitely my favorite times of the day!

I hope this post gave you some ideas for structuring your balanced literacy block! If you are looking for writing units or reading comprehension units for first grade, click on the images below to read more.

K-1 Reading Curriculum Cover Page.001   FirstGradeWritingWorkshopBundleCover.001

I’ll be coming out with a “Balanced Literacy Block for Second Grade” post in a couple of weeks, so stay tuned! 🙂

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22 Responses to Fitting It All In: How to Schedule a Balanced Literacy Block for First Grade

  1. Hi Alison 🙂 – you have a fantastic name!

    I LOVE your writing resource that was posted on FB, I am just moving into first after a brief two year stint in 4th & 5th. I had taught K before, but first is a new adventure.

    Thank you for posting such great stuff! I’d love for you to visit my blog, if you’d like! There isn’t much there yet – I just started over!

    Have a fantastic day,
    Alison 🙂

    • Thanks for your comment!! I love meeting one “L” Alisons, haha. 🙂 Good luck in first!! They are so cute and make so much growth – I bet you will really enjoy it. And your blog looks great!!


  2. Hi,
    Is your literacy time interrupted? Meaning are all of your students present for all instruction? The various schedules you provided were very helpful!

    • Hi Jen! I’ve taught in several different schools, and it just depended upon the school. For the most part, it was not interrupted. Are your students leaving for intervention or ESL?


    • Hi Dani! Do you mean reading workshop? I’ve done it many different ways. My favorite is to have all kids reading at the same time, so I may or may not be meeting with groups then (I sometimes do individual conferences instead). But if I’m doing centers, I like to do word sorts, partner reading, having kids respond to texts in writing, sight word practice, and things like that. I’ll write a post in the next few months to go more in depth on centers. 🙂


  3. I love your balanced literacy schedule. You are amazing. I have one question what do you use for science and social studies. Our reading trainer wants us to incorporate science and social studies into our read alouds and shared readings. We currently have a separate time for it like you do in your sample schedules above. Can you give me some suggestions of what you do. Thank you!

    • Hi Michelle! I love incorporating science and social studies into read alouds and shared reading. I still like to have a separate time for the content areas though (though it doesn’t need to be as long if I’m integrating into the literacy block). During that separate time, we can revisit the text – because often, during read alouds or shared reading, we are focusing on a strategy, too. The extra science and SS block is a chance to dig deeper in the content of the text. We watch videos on the topic, do experiments, and other activities that wouldn’t fit well into read alouds or shared reading. Does that help at all?


  4. Hi Alison! I love you post! I agree with EVERYTHING you have said here and that is why it is mid October and I am STILL struggling to set a daily schedule in my classroom. My struggle had me looking at as many sample schedules as I could find and that’s when I happened on your post. I was wondering if you could tell me how you would handle my schedule? We start at 8:45 with the pledge and announcements usually done by 8:55. I have related arts from 10:25-11:10 and lunch from 11:25-11:55. Then from 12:30-1:30 we have Power Hour (our county’s take on RTI-all kids go somewhere to work on something-I do not have my my own class but a mixture of students from eight different classrooms and no new instruction can occur during this time. Recess is 1:30-2:00. Dismissal is 3:30. I also have to have a snack time. All of these times (as well as snack being required) are set by administration and I have no control over them. Many of my teammates have decided not to meet with all students for guided reading each day and I REALLY do not want to let go of it. However, it’s October and every. single. day there is something I don’t have time for. Major somethings-like a math lesson/math group/reading lesson/writing….I’m beyond frustrated! This is my 16th year to teach first grade and I love my job and my students, but I have never struggled like this before with a schedule. I feel so rushed all the time and it seems that quality of instruction is going down as I am desperately trying to fit everything in. Any advice? Thank you in advance for your consideration! This teacher’s brain hurts!

    • Hey Emily! So sorry to hear you are having trouble with your schedule! I’m planning a longer post on this topic (trying to fit everything into your literacy block when you have limited time) for December 3rd. But in the meantime, here are some ideas:

      – Are there any areas where you could alternate days with an A Day/B Day schedule? Example: Spend more time on word study one day and more time on writing another day? I’ve found that trying to do fewer things for longer chunks of time helps a bit!
      – Could you combine certain components of the day? I.E. integrate science or social studies with reading via the texts you choose? Or maybe do a readaloud during snack time?
      – Were you saying that you are trying to meet with every student for guided reading each day? Not sure how large your class is, but I have never been able to accomplish that (and actually, I don’t want to let the other students work independently for that long, so I usually avoid meeting with all students every day). I’m having some guided reading workshop soon that might be helpful in that area:

      I hope this helps a bit! Good luck!

  5. This post is super helpful! I’m a first year teacher, and I’m spending my year teaching First Grade in a bilingual school in Nicaragua. Every day I have the first 90 minutes for Language Arts with my kids, but then I only have 45 minutes for math and 45 for science (science is 3 days a week) that are spread throughout the rest of the day. The kids have Spanish, ESL, and a special as well that are taught by other teachers. I don’t have much time with my kids and I’ve been struggling to make the most of the time I do have! I’m trying to balance teaching first grade literacy to a class of ELLs with very limited resources. Do you have any advice for teaching ELLs and making the most of my schedule?

    • Hi! Are you required to use a plan book? I actually haven’t used one in about 9 years! I love using something like Google Drive to make my plans!


  6. I noticed that you don’t have time scheduled for class bathroom breaks, do you not take class bathroom breaks? If not, how do you manage the revolving door of kiddos that have to go to the restroom throughout lessons? Also, we have to provide handwriting instructin (correct letter formation, etc.). Do you provide that daily instruction? I’m really struggling trying to fit everything in…any advice you can give would be appreciated.:)

  7. This post was very helpful!! We’re recently trying to implement something similar in our school and I’ve felt a little lost. This really helped me so much!! I am still struggling though because we only get 120 minutes of reading time. Is there any advice you have for adjusting the schedules from around 3 hours to 2?

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